Nepalese journalists threatened, attacked and censored over Covid-19 coverage April 3, 2007 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Nepal : activists intercept delivery truck and torch copies of Kantipur Daily May 29, 2019 Find out more Under Chinese pressure, Nepal sanctions three journalists over Dalai Lama story 03.04 – Nepal : activists intercept delivery truck and torch copies of Kantipur DailyMembers of the Madhesi People’s Rights Forum (MPRF) intercepted and burned copies of Kantipur Daily as they were being trucked from the regional office in Biratnagar to the district of Saptari yesterday. MPRF members stopped and emptied the delivery truck and then doused the newspapers with kerosene before setting them alight. They said they were doing it because Kantipur Daily did not publish “our news.” News Organisation May 17, 2019 Find out more NepalAsia – Pacific News Nepal: RSF’s recommendations to amend controversial Media Council Bill NepalAsia – Pacific to go further RSF_en June 8, 2020 Find out more Receive email alerts News News Follow the news on Nepal Help by sharing this information
EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Faith Essays & Inspirations PazNaz: Who Knows? An article by Pastor Scott Daniels Article and Photo courtesy of THE FIRST CHURCH OF THE NAZARENE Published on Tuesday, January 29, 2013 | 5:55 pm It is hard to believe that the Lenten season is approaching again. Ash Wednesday falls on February 13, this year. Traditionally the text that is read on that day is from the second chapter of the prophet Joel.Yet even now, says the Lord,Return to me with all your heart,With fasting, with weeping, and with mourning;Rend your hearts and not your clothing.Return to the Lord, your God,For his is gracious and merciful,Slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love,And relents from punishing.Who knows whether he will not turn and relent,And leave a blessing behind him,A grain offering and a drink offering for the LORD, your God? (2:12-14)Every time I read this text I am struck by the phrase in verse 14, “Who knows?” The prophet sees the destruction that is directly ahead for God’s people unless they repent and go a different direction. Things are bad for the people of God, and they are only going to get worse if they do not turn from their sin.But if they repent, if they turn their hearts back to God, who knows what might be the result? Who knows what God may do?The same question appears in the story of Jonah. The prophet Jonah proclaimsthe message of impending destruction to the wicked city of Nineveh. When the king hears it, he calls the people to a similar kind of repentance that which Joel articulates. Everyone is called on to repent. The whole city puts on sackcloth and ashes and they fast. Even the animals are forced to participate in the fast. (Can you imagine the noise that hungry people and animals make in the city)?But the call to repentance is shaped by this question from the kind. “All shall turn from their evil ways and from the violence that is their hands. Who knows? God may relent and change his mind; he may turn from his fierce anger, so that we do not perish” (3:8-9). Agin repentance is shaped by the question, “Who knows?”In both cases, when God sees the repentance of the people, he is moved in grace and compassion to make all things new. God’s people and Nineveh are spared, delivered, and their lives are redeemed.As PazNaz approaches the Lenten season again, I am haunted by the same question. If the people of God can be honest about their brokenness, if we can with transparency and vulnerability confess our sins to God, and if we can be open to the newness that God wants to bring to his church, who knows what God will do?â€¢ Who knows what relationships can be restored?â€¢ Who knows what communities can be rebuilt?â€¢ Who knows what broken lives will be healed?â€¢ Who knows how many will receive Godâ€™s grace, leading to a new creation?â€¢ Who knows what God can do?My hope is that walking through the Our Life sermon series together during this Lenten season will help PazNaz see the “immeasurably more” that God was able to do when the early church lived transparently and openly before God. The church will discover again the immeasurably more that God can do today in his people.Rend your hearts and not your clothing. Return to the LORD, your God, for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding and steadfast love, and relents from punishing. Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him…Pastor Scott DanielsFirst Church of the Nazarene, 3700 East Sierra Madre Blvd., Pasadena, (626) 351-9631 or visit www.paznaz.org. Top of the News Community News Make a comment faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Subscribe Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Community News Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website 7 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena First Heatwave Expected Next Week Business News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. 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Make a comment 23 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it The California Assembly has approved several bills by Assemblymember Chris Holden. These bills now move to the Senate for consideration. In his first legislative session, Assemblymember Holden authored measures to help homeowners avoid foreclosure, streamline programs for small businesses, and encourage state agencies to buy California first.AB 139 â€“ Domestic Violence FeesThis measure strengthens penalties that abusers are required to pay to ensure that more funding is available to Domestic Violence Shelters. It was the first piece of legislation heard on the Assembly floor this session and was unanimously approved.AB 143 â€“ Military Use Tax ExemptionGives active duty military a tax break from state Use Tax on personal property purchased prior to being transferred into the state. AB 143 is supported by the State Board of Equalization and Veterans groups throughout California.AB 199 â€“ Choose California ActEncourages state run institutions to buy California agricultural products. Under AB 199, state agencies, public schools districts and public colleges would be encouraged to give California agriculture producers priority when purchasing food products.AB 201 â€“ Small Business Loan Guarantee ProgramThis bill streamlines the program by making it accessible and user friendly by maintaining an Internet Website that would include information on programs on small business financial guarantees, direct lending and disaster loans.AB 250 â€“ iHUB ProgramWill expand the development of iHubs across California and develop more economic opportunities for start-up companies, promoting greater collaboration between innovators and venture capital investment within the state.AB 358 â€“ Lead Testing KitsProvides specific standards for lead hazard evaluation in public and residential buildings.AB 358 allows California Department of Public Health to include EPA recognized tests in its lead testing programs.AB 359 â€“ Airport Rental AgreementStreamlines the Airport Rental Car Facility charge audit process by permitting Californiaâ€™s airports, many of which are operated by local governments, to submit to the Legislature the same facility information contained in mandatory disclosures currently required by other regulatory agencies. This bill will remove the financial burden of duplicative audits while maintaining all existing consumer protections enacted by the Legislature.AB 630 â€“ ArchitectsProhibits a person from using an architect’s work without a written contract or written assignment authorizing that use. Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News More Cool Stuff EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Government Assembly Approves Holden Bills From STAFF REPORTS Published on Monday, June 3, 2013 | 11:57 am HerbeautyIs It Bad To Give Your Boyfriend An Ultimatum?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyNerdy Movie Kids Who Look Unrecognizable TodayHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyShort On Time? 10-Minute Workouts Are Just What You NeedHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Hollywood Divas Who Fell In Love With WomenHerbeautyHerbeauty Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Business News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Top of the News Subscribe
4D Pharma Presents Update on Oncology Program Twitter By Digital AIM Web Support – February 3, 2021 Facebook TAGS LEEDS, England–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 3, 2021– 4D pharma plc (AIM: DDDD), a pharmaceutical company leading the development of Live Biotherapeutic products (LBPs) – a novel class of drug derived from the microbiome, today announces progress on activities in its development program for lead immuno-oncology single strain Live Biotherapeutic candidate MRx0518. “4D pharma has continued to make excellent progress with the MRx0518 development program on multiple fronts. We have generated additional safety and efficacy data, building on the positive data from both the monotherapy and KEYTRUDA combination studies last year. This clinical and development progress has been achieved in spite of the headwinds of COVID-19,”said Dr. Alex Stevenson, Chief Scientific Officer, 4D pharma. “As 4D pharma extends its leading position in this exciting and rapidly maturing field, we see the next 12 months as being instrumental for the space. We look forward to generating more clinical data from our ongoing studies of MRx0518 in multiple different tumor types and treatment settings. This will support 4D pharma’s continued productive engagement with regulatory authorities to develop the clinical strategy to bring this novel therapeutic to patients suffering from a range of cancers.” MRx0518 in Combination with KEYTRUDA MRx0518 is in an ongoing Phase I/II clinical trial in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) Keytruda® (pembrolizumab), MSD’s anti-PD-1 therapy, in patients with advanced malignancies who have previously progressed on ICI therapy. This study is comprised of two parts – Part A, an initial safety phase assessing dose-limiting toxicities of the combination, and the Part B cohort expansion phase to assess clinical benefit in addition to safety. In May 2020 the successful completion of Part A and initiation of Part B was announced. 24 additional patients across five active US sites have now been treated in Part B of this ongoing study. The safety review following the first Part B cohort of 10 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients has been completed indicating no dose limiting toxicities. A total of 12 patients with RCC, nine patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and three bladder cancer patients have been enrolled in Part B to date. Recruitment will continue up to a total of 30 patients in each of these indications. Target tumor reductions in Part B patients have been observed as patients reach the first scheduled restaging timepoint (nine weeks). These include the first signals of anti-tumor activity for the combination in bladder cancer, adding to the previously reported activity in RCC and NSCLC in patients in Part A. Three Part A patients with RCC and NSCLC that were previously reported to have experienced clinical benefit continue on the study. Two of these patients have now been treated for over 18 months and have had further target tumor reductions or extended disease control since the last update. Efficacy of the combination continues to be evaluated on an ongoing basis. Following the positive results of Part A in RCC and NSCLC, the new tumor cohorts added to Part B of the study are now open to recruitment. Patients with advanced malignancies resistant to ICI therapy, including triple-negative breast cancer, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and microsatellite instability-high/mismatch repair deficient cancers, are now eligible for inclusion. Enrolment for the trial is expected to complete in Q4 2021. MRx0518 with Radiation in Pancreatic Cancer Five patients are now enrolled in this Phase I trial. The study is designed to evaluate safety and efficacy in 15 patients receiving treatment with MRx0518 and hypofractionated radiation prior to surgery for pancreatic cancer. This study will generate valuable data to assess the relationship between systemic and tumor biomarkers, as well as clinical outcomes. Study treatment is well tolerated to date. Enrolment continues and we anticipate receiving initial data from this clinical trial in 2021. MRx0518 in Neoadjuvant Setting Monotherapy The previously reported 17 patients in the completed Part A of this Phase I study continue in the follow up phase for survival outcomes. Biomarker and safety data from the study were presented at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Annual Meeting 2020, demonstrating systemic immune and tumor microenvironment modulation following two to four weeks of treatment with MRx0518. Additional biomarker analyses are underway to further investigate the immune response induced by MRx0518. These additional results may inform an optimization of Part B of this study. About MRx0518 MRx0518 is single strain Live Biotherapeutic product in development for the treatment of cancer. It is delivered as an oral capsule and stimulates the body’s immune system, directing it to produce cytokines and immune cells that are known to attack tumors. It is currently being evaluated in three clinical trials in cancer patients. MRx0518-I-001 (NCT03934827) is a neoadjuvant monotherapy study in a variety of solid tumors and is being conducted at Imperial College (London, UK). MRx0518-I-002 (NCT03637803) is in combination with KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) in patients who have previously progressed on anti PD-1 therapies. The Coordinating Investigator of the study is at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA, with multiple additional sites in the US. The study is being conducted in collaboration with MSD, the tradename of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA. MRx0518-I-003 (NCT04193904) is in combination with preoperative radiotherapy in resectable pancreatic cancer. About 4D pharma Founded in February 2014, 4D pharma is a world leader in the development of Live Biotherapeutics, a novel and emerging class of drugs, defined by the FDA as biological products that contain a live organism, such as a bacterium, that is applicable to the prevention, treatment or cure of a disease. 4D has developed a proprietary platform, MicroRx®, that rationally identifies Live Biotherapeutics based on a deep understanding of function and mechanism. 4D pharma’s Live Biotherapeutic products (LBPs) are orally delivered single strains of bacteria that are naturally found in the healthy human gut. The Company has six clinical programs, namely a Phase I/II study of MRx0518 in combination with KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) in solid tumors, a Phase I study of MRx0518 in a neoadjuvant setting for patients with solid tumors, a Phase I study of MRx0518 in patients with pancreatic cancer, a Phase I/II study of MRx-4DP0004 in asthma (NCT03851250), a Phase II study of MRx-4DP0004 in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 (NCT04363372), and Blautix® in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) (NCT03721107) which has completed a successful Phase II trial. Preclinical-stage programs include candidates for CNS disease such as Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions. The Company has a research collaboration with MSD, a tradename of Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA, to discover and develop Live Biotherapeutics for vaccines. In October 2020 4D pharma announced its intention to merge with Longevity Acquisition Corporation (NASDAQ: LOAC), a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), and seek a NASDAQ listing. The merger is expected to be completed and the NASDAQ listing of 4D pharma American Depositary Shares (ADSs) under the ticker symbol ‘LBPS’ is currently expected to become effective in early 2021, subject to approval of 4D shareholders and Longevity shareholders, and the SEC review process. For more information, refer to https://www.4dpharmaplc.com. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005075/en/ CONTACT: 4D pharma Duncan Peyton, Chief Executive Officer +44 (0)113 895 0130 Investor Relations:[email protected] Investor Relations Julie Seidel, Stern Investor Relations, Inc. +1-212-362-1200 [email protected] N+1 Singer – Nominated Adviser and Joint Broker +44 (0)20 7496 3000 Philip Davies / Justin McKeegan / Iqra Amin (Corporate Finance) Tom Salvesen (Corporate Broking) Bryan Garnier & Co. Limited – Joint Broker +44 (0)20 7332 2500 Dominic Wilson / Phil Walker Image Box Communications Neil Hunter / Michelle Boxall +44 (0)20 8943 4685 [email protected]/[email protected] KEYWORD: UNITED KINGDOM EUROPE INDUSTRY KEYWORD: BIOTECHNOLOGY HEALTH PHARMACEUTICAL CLINICAL TRIALS ONCOLOGY SOURCE: 4D pharma plc Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/03/2021 07:00 AM/DISC: 02/03/2021 07:01 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210203005075/en Pinterest Twitter Facebook Local NewsBusiness Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Previous articleAbzena Selected by Immunome to Develop and Manufacture Antibody Cocktail for Immunome’s COVID-19 Antibody Based TreatmentNext articleThanks, WLAF! Player parlayed London life to Super Bowls Digital AIM Web Support
News UpdatesMP Shashi Tharoor Issues Legal Notice To Kairali TV For Allegedly Associating Him With Prime Suspect In Kerala Gold Smuggling Case LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK9 July 2020 9:26 AMShare This – x Dr. Shashi Tharoor, Member of Parliament, has issued a legal notice to Kairali TV Malayalam News Channel for broadcasting defamatory and allegedly false claims associating with a prime suspect in Kerala Gold Smuggling case.”My lawyer has sent a 6-page formal notice to the CPIM TV channel for inventing and broadcasting false claims about my alleged association with the principal suspect,…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login Dr. Shashi Tharoor, Member of Parliament, has issued a legal notice to Kairali TV Malayalam News Channel for broadcasting defamatory and allegedly false claims associating with a prime suspect in Kerala Gold Smuggling case.”My lawyer has sent a 6-page formal notice to the CPIM TV channel for inventing and broadcasting false claims about my alleged association with the principal suspect, who was a complete stranger to me. I’ve had enough of being vilified for political reasons”, the MP said in his Facebook post. The Legal notice, which has been issued through Advocate Suraj Krishna, requires the news channel to recall the defamatory statements made in the News Portal and through its Social Media platforms. The notice requires Kairali TV to publish an apology in this regard.My lawyer has sent a 6-page formal notice to the @CPIMKerala TV channel for inventing & broadcasting false claims about my alleged association with the principal suspect, who was a complete stranger to me. I’ve had enough of being vilified for political reasons. [Pg.1&6 attached] pic.twitter.com/CkW9adEfn6— Shashi Tharoor (@ShashiTharoor) July 9, 2020″Nonetheless, to those political opportunists seeking to associate me with the scandal, let me make it clear there has never been a single person employed by the Consulate on my recommendation and I have no prior contact with any of the accused. I neither had met nor recommended them. “, the MP had earlier tweeted. He added that he supports the call for a thorough CBI investigation, including tracing the call records &contacts of the accused to identify all the culprits and their accomplices. Kerala Gold Smuggling caseThe case is about smuggling of 30 kilograms of gold through Thiruvananthapuram airport using diplomatic cargo dispatched to UAE Consulate at the state capital. The Customs department has arrested Sarit Kumar, who used to work as a Public Relations Officer at the Consulate, in connection with the case. Two suspects, Sandeep Nair and Swapna Suresh, are on the run. The case has snowballed into a political controversy due to Swapna Suresh’s alleged links with M Sivasankar IAS, who was both the Principal Secretary to the office of Chief Minister and Secretary to the Department of Information Technology. Following the controversy, Sivasankar was removed from both the posts.In the meanwhile, Swapna Suresh has moved the High Court of Kerala seeking pre-arrest bail, stating that she has no connection with the smuggled gold and that she was only following the instructions of the UAE Consulate while contacting the Customs officials in connection with the delivery of the diplomatic cargo. Her bail application is listed before the Court tomorrow.The Union Ministry of Home Affairs has permitted the National Investigation Agency(NIA) to investigate the case.Kerala Chief Minister, Pinarayi Vijayan, had earlier written to Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, seeking “effective and coordinated investigation into this incident by central agencies” in the matter. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Antarctica and its surrounding islands lie at one extreme of global variation in diversity. Typically, these regions are characterized as being species poor and having simple food webs. Here, we show that terrestrial systems in the region are nonetheless characterized by substantial spatial and temporal variations at virtually all of the levels of the genealogical and ecological hierarchies which have been thoroughly investigated. Spatial variation at the individual and population levels has been documented in a variety of genetic studies, and in mosses it appears that UV-B radiation might be responsible for within-clump mutagenesis. At the species level, modern molecular methods have revealed considerable endemism of the Antarctic biota, questioning ideas that small organisms are likely to be ubiquitous and the taxa to which they belong species poor. At the biogeographic level, much of the relatively small ice-free area of Antarctica remains unsurveyed making analyses difficult. Nonetheless, it is clear that a major biogeographic discontinuity separates the Antarctic Peninsula and continental Antarctica, here named the ‘Gressitt Line’. Across the Southern Ocean islands, patterns are clearer, and energy availability is an important correlate of indigenous and exotic species richness, while human visitor numbers explain much of the variation in the latter too. Temporal variation at the individual level has much to do with phenotypic plasticity, and considerable life-history and physiological plasticity seems to be a characteristic of Antarctic terrestrial species. Environmental unpredictability is an important driver of this trait and has significantly influenced life histories across the region and probably throughout much of the temperate Southern Hemisphere. Rapid climate change-related alterations in the range and abundance of several Antarctic and sub-Antarctic populations have taken place over the past several decades. In many sub-Antarctic locations, these have been exacerbated by direct and indirect effects of invasive alien species. Interactions between climate change and invasion seem set to become one of the most significant conservation problems in the Antarctic. We conclude that despite the substantial body of work on the terrestrial biodiversity of the Antarctic, investigations of interactions between hierarchical levels remain scarce. Moreover, little of the available information is being integrated into terrestrial conservation planning, which lags far behind in this region by comparison with most others.
Cape May County Prosecutor Jeffrey H. Sutherland announced Monday that no criminal charges will be filed as a result of a fatal motor vehicle accident in Ocean City on Memorial Day weekend. On May 24, at 5:34 p.m., police responded to a motor vehicle accident involving pedestrians at Eighth Street and Bay Avenue.A 2015 Jeep Cherokee driven by Barbara L. Myers, 49, of Woodbine, struck two pedestrians in the crosswalk, Sutherland said. One of the pedestrians, Thomas F. Gibbons Jr., of Lansdale, Pa., later died in the hospital as a result of his injuries. Gibbons’ wife, Stephanie, was also hit, but survived her injuries.An investigation into the accident was conducted by members of the Ocean City Police Department and Cape May County Prosecutor’s Office with the assistance of the New Jersey State Police. As a result of the investigation, no criminal charges will be filed against Myers, Sutherland said. Myers was issued two motor vehicle summonses for failure to yield to a pedestrian and for careless driving. Both summonses will be handled in Municipal Court.Cape May County recently closed the southerly crosswalk on Bay Avenue where Gibbons and his wife were hit. Pedestrians are now being directed to use the northerly crosswalk that is out of the path of motorists turning left onto Bay Avenue from Eighth Street. Safety cones and barriers now block the pedestrian crosswalk where Thomas F. Gibbons Jr. and his wife, Stephanie, were struck at the intersection of Eighth Street and Bay Avenue.
Burton’s Biscuits, owner of Jammy Dodgers and Maryland Cookies, is reportedly in the running to make a £60m bid for the maker of Nakd bars.According to The Telegraph, the biscuit giant is exploring potential for buying Natural Balance Foods, and is said to be attracted by the opportunity to gain position in the healthy eating market.The newspaper said the company also faced competition from Kellogg’s and US health food conglomerate Hain Celestial, which owns the New Covent Garden range of soups and Linda McCartney vegetarian food brands.Boutique advisory firm Stamford Partners is running the sale. Burton’s and Kellog’s have both said that they do not comment of speculation of this nature. Natural Balance Foods has rolled out its gluten-free Nakd wholefood bars, which sell themselves as “fruit and nuts mushed together” in the biggest supermarket chains. Nakd sells its all-natural bars in flavours from banana bread and pecan pie to rhubarb and custard. Its Trek bars are primarily focused on giving gym users healthy protein hits.The company is reportedly exploring next steps for the business after a boom in sales last year.The business was started in Oxfordshire by California-born brothers Jamie and Greg Combs in 2005. It now stocks major multiples with gluten-free and vegan health bars.
In a park on the western edge of Paris in 1783, two Frenchmen stood on a platform beneath a 75-foot, hot-air balloon made of varnished taffeta. When the whimsical gold-and-blue balloon, decorated with suns and signs of the zodiac, rose into the sky, so began the world’s first free flight by humans. The balloon went up 3,000 feet, covered five miles, and landed after 25 minutes.For a century afterward, balloon ascents around the world typically began in a city’s public gardens and parks. The notion that “flight” and “park” were logically joined lasted well into the era of powered aircraft. In the 1930s, airfields were still seen as hybrid spaces, part technical and part recreational.Some landscape architects of the era would have continued the tradition of airfields as airparks. They were “air-minded,” said Sonja Duempelmann, associate professor of landscape architecture at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design (GSD). Their designs were influenced by traditional parks and by the modernist geometry that decades of aerial photography had revealed.But “air-minded” landscape architects were soon pushed aside. By the mid-1930s, airports had to accommodate more powerful planes, build longer runways, handle more passengers, and deal with more cars. Since then, the airport has become, for most people, “a technical and engineering site,” said landscape architecture chair Charles Waldheim, GSD’s John E. Irving Professor. The landscape became decorative and peripheral.But that pendulum has swung back. Airports are now more concerned about the landscape and may even become laboratories for how the cities of the future will operate, since airports have complex environments of intensive energy consumption, water use, waste generation, security concerns, transportation pressures, and commercial enterprise. “The airport itself is this nice nucleus that can act as a container of broader ideas,” said Duempelmann.With airports emerging again as an ecological design space, Waldheim and Duempelmann organized a conference. “Airport Landscape: Urban Ecologies in the Aerial Age” unfolds Thursday and Friday at Gund Hall. At the same time, Boston is hosting the annual meeting of the American Society of Landscape Architects, with 7,000 expected to attend.The Harvard conference will live on through Dec. 19 in an exhibit of the same name, co-curated by Duempelmann and Waldheim. Its color scheme, signage, and scale are all echoes of modern airports. It is the first time, organizers said, that every display space in Gund Hall has been given over to a single theme.The public’s expectations of airports shifted over time. By the end of World War II, airports were no longer small parks or remote grids in the countryside. They were increasingly absorbed into the fabric of cities, and were a sideshow for landscape designers.Beginning in the 1960s, though, airports became central to the idea that environmental concerns had to be designed into public spaces, and now that’s a dominant attitude. “There has been a sea change in the last decade or two,” said Waldheim, a consultant to airports who is writing a book on the nature, culture, and history of Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Landscape architects now have a growing profile in airports being designed, maintained, and even decommissioned.Of that last category, “there are countless numbers” of abandoned airports, Waldheim said, “hundreds and hundreds around the world. It’s a phenomenon that will not slow down soon.”The challenges to reviving them are real, and potentially expensive. What do you do, Waldheim asked, with a retired landscape that, for instance, has two miles of runway that is 6½ feet thick? How do you deal with altered landscapes? (O’Hare, for instance, is layered over what were once spongy meadows and riverine wetlands.) How do you deal with a legacy of pollution in groundwater and soil? (Each time a jet touches down, for example, it leaves patches of rubber that soon slough off into the landscape.)In the airports exhibitAt the heart of the Gund Hall exhibit are case studies: photos, diagrams, and text exploring how operating airports are embracing an ecological approach, and how decommissioned airports are doing the same. Proposals for reimaging old airports include turning them into parks or wildlife corridors, into sites for solar or wind power production, into urban farms, or into multi-use community spaces based on applications from citizen entrepreneurs.In other cases, old airports might just be left alone so native plants can rush in to fill the void. The exhibit’s most haunting photo is of an abandoned runway shot through with grasses and shrubs: a meadow in the making.The exhibit acknowledges that wildlife plays a big role in airport design. Bird strikes are dangerous to planes, so strategies for controlling geese and other species are on display, including a fake coyote standing guard, a hawk with spread wings, a robotic bird of prey, and a solar-powered sound cannon.The conference will brings in scholars of the airport landscape from Paris, Zurich, Munich, London, and Utrecht, Holland, and more. There are panels and lectures on the airport “stress scape,” on airports as frontiers, cities, and biospheres, and on airports as sites of protest, of experiment, of air-quality science, and of historyThe first keynote address, “Airport Landscape,” will be by historian, philosopher of science, and longtime pilot Peter Galison, Harvard’s Joseph Pellegrino University Professor. One message he will impart is that airports exist within a large regional biosphere whose ecological complexity affects the circumstance of flights in and out of a city.“Airports force us to think of landscape architecture in very expansive and multilayered ways,” he said. “An airport is really a whole region, not just a runway with a chicken-wire fence around it.”So landscape architects have to look up, look out, and look wide — 100 miles at least — to see where birds feed and roost and where they are prey. They also need to see airports as models of other built environments — shipyards and ports, for instance — that contain both static and mobile elements.In the end, said Duempelmann, whose book “Flights of Imagination” about the impact of powered flight on landscape architecture publishes next year, airports serve as metaphors for the future of design. An airport is an ecologically complex urban site in a world of vanishing developable land. It illustrates the frictions and interconnections between what is natural and what is built. “It’s a good site,” she said, “to make people aware of ecology.”
The venomous tenor and bewildering twists and turns of this presidential election have led observers inside and outside politics to call it a historic, sea-change race that will be studied for decades. Long-held assumptions about how to win have been upended as celebrity businessman Donald Trump and Sen. Bernie Sanders, a self-described Democratic socialist, sit at or near the top of their primary fields.When it comes to the business of reporting on politics, however, some things haven’t changed. Every four years, complaints about the media’s coverage of presidential elections routinely bemoan a perceived decline in substantive reporting and an abdication of journalism’s watchdog role.With roiling anger and distrust of the powerful animating voters in both parties, attacking the media has become an easy and effective political strategy. Every Democratic and Republican candidate still in the 2016 race has accused the political press of some sort of malfeasance: unfairly advocating for an opponent, pushing grossly inaccurate or misleading reporting, failing to challenge false statements or vague assertions, being overly solicitous of some while ignoring others, or focusing on food fights rather than policy ideas.But some longtime political journalists say that while the profession certainly has its share of lapses, good and important work still is being done.“I detect a real feeling of press failure in this election cycle,” said Jill Abramson ’76, a former investigative reporter and executive editor at The New York Times until 2014, during a recent talk at the Shorenstein Center on the Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School (HKS). “Why, when I turn on CNN, isn’t there on-the-ground footage, more talking to voters, rather than just another set of people arguing? We can do better.”Abramson, who started in politics in 1976 covering the New Hampshire primary campaigns of former Ambassador Sargent Shriver and Sen. Fred Harris for Time magazine, now teaches journalism writing as a visiting lecturer in the English Department at the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.“Especially in political reporting, a lot of what we the media focus on just … doesn’t touch people, it isn’t part of their daily concerns,” she said. “Like many institutions in the country, the gulf between the citizenry and the press has become wider. I am telling you I’ve traveled quite a bit around the country. I went to many, many towns in New Hampshire: No one is talking about Hillary Clinton’s email.”This is “maybe the most interesting presidential election I’ve ever seen,” said CNN Washington bureau chief Sam Feist, who leads the network’s political coverage. “There’s something happening in this country that has caused an interest among Americans in this election. I’m not going to pretend to know what it is, but it’s not restricted to the Republican side.”Feist batted down the idea that political journalism is withering during a separate Shorenstein talk about political news coverage last week. “There are a lot of people who think that journalism in America is broken, that we don’t do our jobs. I would argue that we’re actually doing our jobs as well or better than we’ve ever done,” he said, later adding, “I honestly believe that political journalism has never been more important, and this election is a perfect example of why that is.”CNN’s job is to provide the best information possible about the candidates to the public so voters can make informed decisions, not to foment or bridge the nation’s growing partisan divide, he said. “It’s not to push the country apart or to bring the country together — that’s up to the country and to the voters,” he said.Feist countered criticisms that the network unfairly gave too much time and attention to Trump by airing lengthy phone interviews with him or showing his daily pep rallies live and uninterrupted, often at the expense of other candidate news. The extensive Trump coverage, he said, is a result of his unique willingness to do as many interviews as requested, unlike other candidates. (“We call; he says yes.”)“I think that taking candidate rallies unedited is actually a valuable service,” giving voters who do not live in early caucus and primary states a chance to see them speak at length. “I don’t think we should interrupt them in the middle of it to annotate what they say,” he said.Sam Feist: Media Coverage of the Election | Shorenstein CenterSam Feist, who leads the production of CNN’s campaign coverage and debates as Washington bureau chief and senior vice president, discussed the network’s coverage of the 2016 election. Turned off, yet still tuning inWhile surveys find that public trust in journalism has steadily eroded in recent decades, the appetite for political news hasn’t diminished. In fact, television ratings are up sharply this election cycle, especially for what are often predictable events: the debates between candidates.The Republican primary debate last August on Fox News garnered 23.9 million viewers, an audience three times larger than the previous highest-rated Republican debate back in 2011. Several others have since eclipsed that high-water mark. Interest is also fueling ratings for the Democratic debates, with CNN’s October discussion racking up 15.5 million viewers, up from the previous high of nearly 10 million. Even the so-called “undercard” or “kids’ table” debates for second-tier Republican candidates had twice the ratings, with between 4 and 5 million viewers, of regular debates in previous election cycles, Feist said.Over the last two weeks, CNN has hosted one Democratic and two Republican “town hall” events and will air three more primary debates in the next three weeks.“The audience interest in those events will be higher than anything we’ve ever done in any previous election cycle, cable or network,” said Feist, a 25-year CNN veteran. “So there’s something happening with our politics; there’s a fascination with this campaign, an interest in the candidates.”In a separate Shorenstein Center talk, Jill Abramson ’76, a former investigative reporter and executive editor at The New York Times until 2014, remarked on various press failures in the election coverage. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerWhile the nature and metabolism of political coverage has changed dramatically in the digital age, there are some bright spots.“I’m certainly not saying there’s not quality political journalism,” Abramson said, noting that some digital native organizations, such as BuzzFeed, cover politics in a serious and aggressive way. But she said that too many outlets still delight in the superficial — the horse race, poll numbers, gaffes, and other incremental, insider minutiae — over doing the kinds of deeply reported stories she loves, as contained in Richard Ben Cramer’s classic book “What It Takes,” which went behind the scenes of the 1988 presidential election.Nowadays, the high cost to finance investigative reporting, and the increased competitive pressure to be first with the “news of the day,” means most news organizations chase low-hanging fruit, she said. And as political campaigns have become more self-reliant and sophisticated about communicating with voters, it has become harder for political reporters to do exemplary work because operatives view journalism as a “gotcha culture” looking only to embarrass their candidates. “There’s no trust.”“I’m an optimist about journalism. I just am frustrated because I think … journalists have a very protected place in our society, and giving the highest-quality information to the voters is the most important thing we do every four years,” Abramson told the audience. “I would just like to see this deeper layer take hold.”Jill Abramson: Election 2016 – Is There Enough Quality Coverage? | Shorenstein CenterJill Abramson, lecturer at Harvard and former executive editor of The New York Times, discussed the 2016 election and its coverage in the media – both problematic and promising.