Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among South Africans, according to data released by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) on Tuesday.Stats SA and the Medical Research Council had helped to train doctors in cause-of-death-certification, which had resulted in more accurate reporting. (Image: Stats SA)Brand South Africa ReporterTuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among South Africans, according to data released by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) on Tuesday.The Mortality and Causes of Death Report shows that HIV has risen to become the third leading cause of death in the country. It was in sixth position in 2012.But Statistician General Pali Lehohla said the rise was because recording deaths from HIV had improved, not because it was actually an increasing cause of death.Lehohla said Stats SA and the Medical Research Council had helped to train doctors in cause-of-death-certifcation, which had resulted in more accurate reporting.Death certificatesThe report is based on data collected by the Department of Home Affairs through the death registration system. The data comes as South Africa commemorated World Aids Day on 1 December. About 6.4-million South Africans are living with HIV/AIDS, according to the Human Sciences Research Council.“The number of people that are dying in South Africa has declined . over time,” Lehohla said. The report found that 458&933 people died in 2013 – 6.5% down from 491 100 deaths recorded in 2012. It is the lowest number of deaths since 2002, when 502 797 deaths were registered.The report found that more males were affected by HIV than females in 2013.In 2013, the majority of deaths resulted from the main group of certain infectious and parasitic diseases (22,6%), followed by diseases of the circulatory system (16,7%).Tuberculosis (8.8%) remained the leading cause of death among South Africans, followed by influenza and pneumonia (5.2%), HIV (5.1%), cerebrovascular diseases (4.9%), and diabetes mellitus (4.8%).Of the total 458 933 deaths reported, 23% were due to infectious and parasitic diseases; 25% were other diseases; while 17% of deaths were due to circulatory system diseases.Death due to injuriesRob Dorrington, a professor of actuarial science at the University of Cape Town, told Business Report that the decline in deaths was probably largely attributable to the government’s HIV/AIDS treatment programme, which now reaches 2.7-million people.The percentage of deaths due to injuries for men was above 60% in the 20-24 age group, while the percentage of deaths due to injuries among women peaked at 28%.With deaths caused by accidents in the country, Limpopo province had the highest at 30.6% followed by the Northern Cape at 24.1%. Gauteng province had the lowest number at 3.6%. Transport accidents which led to death were shown to peak in June (10.4%) and December (10.1%).The Northern Cape recorded the highest number of assault-related deaths as a percentage of non-natural deaths at 23.1%. In fact, the Pixley ka Seme district in the Northern Cape has the country’s highest death rate at 19 per 1 000 people. eThekwini in KwaZulu-Natal recorded the lowest death rate at 5 per 1 000.The report also found that 44.2% of South Africans die in hospitals while 23.2% die at home.The death registration of adults in South Africa was at 94%.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material
23 October 2015 Nelson Mandela’s widow, Graça Machel, celebrated her 70th birthday which fell on 21 October, in her home country of Mozambique with a cause close to her heart.Machel’s birthday was close to World Food Day on 16 October – an annual event founded by the United Nations to highlight issues of food security and global hunger. It inspired her to celebrate her special day early, by leading a meal-packing drive in aid of Zizile Institute for Child Development in Mozambique. Graça Machel celebrates her 70th birthday with cake, and participating in a food packaging drive on World Food Day, on 16 October 2015. (Image: Stop Hunger Now, Facebook)Machel is Stop Hunger Now Southern Africa’s chief patron and was supported by the Church of the Latter Day Saints, which provided the venue and volunteers for the meal-packing event.Celebrating Graca Machel’s birthday pic.twitter.com/inqO0mIEzw— Stop Hunger Now SA (@stophungernowsa) October 16, 2015The figuresApproximately 870 million people go to bed hungry every day. That is one out of every eight people on the planet, making hunger number one on the list of the world’s top 10 health risks.“Hunger kills more people every year than Aids, malaria and tuberculosis combined,” Machel said. “Even worse, it is the single biggest solvable problem facing the world today.”According to Stop Hunger Now, stunted mental and physical growth caused by malnourishment in the first 1 000 days of life is mostly irreversible, and there are 3.1 million children in South Africa who suffer from household hunger.PartnershipsThe initiative was partnered by Barloworld Equipment, the dealer for Cat earthmoving machines, and car rental company, Avis.“The company is a signatory to the United Nations Global Compact, a United Nations initiative which encourages businesses worldwide to adopt sustainable and socially responsible policies, and to report on their implementation,” said Lesibana Ledwaba, the executive director of strategy, risk and sustainability at Barloworld Equipment. “These principles guide our activities across every facet of the business, including our (corporate social investment) policy, which drives our participation in initiatives such as this one.”FAST FACTS: What’s in the Stop Hunger Now pack? #StopHungerNow,#70kMealChallengepic.twitter.com/gNJla1BBuN— Barloworld Limited (@BarloworldLtd) October 15, 2015About Stop Hunger NowRay Buchanan, an ordained United Methodist minister, created the organisation because he wanted to see the end of hunger in his lifetime.“Our mission is to end hunger in our lifetime by providing food and life changing aid to the world’s most vulnerable and creating a global commitment to mobilise the necessary resources,” reads the website.Graca MACHEL and Ray Buchanan founder of Stop Hunger Now in discussions at Barloworld Meal Challenge in Maputo pic.twitter.com/NmNqSm2Jog— Stop Hunger Now SA (@stophungernowsa) October 16, 2015Machel’s place in historyMachel is unique: she is the only woman in history to have been first lady of two countries. As the wife of Samora Machel, she was the first lady of Mozambique from 1975 to 1986, until the president’s death in a plane crash. Later, as the wife of Nelson Mandela, she was the first lady of South Africa from 1998 to 1999.A politician and humanitarian in her own right, she is an international advocate for women’s and children’s rights and in 1997 was made a British dame for her humanitarian work.SouthAfrica.info reporter
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About the authorAnsser SadiqShare the loveHave your say Man Utd academy chief Butt: We must blood youngsters under Solskjaerby Ansser Sadiq10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveNicky Butt believes that his Manchester United youth players must make the step up to the first team.Butt is of the belief that a United youth player should always get a shot with the first team.And with Ole Gunnar Solskjaer in charge until the end of the season, Butt hopes the likes of Angel Gomes will get their chances.”If you ask any Manchester United fan, or Ed Woodward, or the owners, or the manager, they want players in the first-team,” Butt said to the Daily Express.”That’s my job. That’s the job of the academy coaches – to get players into the first-team.”I think it’s something that fans will demand, the club will demand, the owners and the board will demand and the manager as well.”The academy is the lifeblood of the club and the home-bred players are the ones that help the superstars all around the world embed themselves into our culture and become Manchester United people.”I think that’s the most important thing.”
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Chelsea boss Lampard dead against Champions League expansionby Paul Vegas7 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea manager Frank Lampard is dead against the expansion of the Champions League.Lampard – who lifted the trophy in 2012 – does not think that more matches will fit into the calendar.A proposed reform of the Europe’s elite competition – led by Juventus chairman Andrea Agnelli – seeks to expand from 17 to 21 matches for the finalists.”The feeling is that you’re in the ultimate club competition, and the reason for that is because you have the best teams from each league, and the best team from the year before that deserve to be there,” he said.”The year we won the Champions League we came second the year before. We know the format, we know what it is, but whenever you play in the Champions League you know you’re playing against the best and for me that is the format and the beauty of it.’ “As a manager I actually feel weight of games more than I did as a player, even though I was running around as a player,’ he explained. “As a manager you’re thinking about how can you keep the team fresh, and it’s a challenge with all the competitions we have now.”I have a soft spot for the League Cup because we won it a couple of times at Chelsea, and it was the first competition I ever won. Domestically it gives teams a feeling you can compete on a level in a cup at home, which is important.”If you ask me can we play more European games, I personally don’t believe you can fit them in amongst our busy schedule. “I would find it hard to keep the quality level and the freshness within the players. If you did do that there would be a lot of discussion about how that would work practically. At the minute I think the level is about right. I like the format personally.”
Twitter/@Karlos_SrDuring a College GameDay segment about Ohio State’s high profile quarterback battle, Desmond Howard made it very clear who he believes will come out on top. Citing Cardale Jones’ Twitter antics, which he does not appreciate, Howard thinks that J.T. Barrett is a lock to win the job. Desmond Howard on J.T. Barrett: “He’s not really about the foolishness” Tell us what you really think— Land-Grant Holy Land (@Landgrant33) September 5, 2015Desmond Howard just called Cardale Jones’ tweets to Ronda Rousey “foolishness” and cited it as a reason J.T. should start. So there’s that.— Ben Axelrod (@BenAxelrod) September 5, 2015Former Florida State running back Karlos Williams, of all people, was very upset with Howard.Desmond Howard is a hater.— Karlos Williams Sr. (@Karlos_Sr) September 5, 2015He don’t know nun bout what players do in the personal time. He just talking.— Karlos Williams Sr. (@Karlos_Sr) September 5, [email protected] Bruh be hating.— Karlos Williams Sr. (@Karlos_Sr) September 5, 2015We probably wouldn’t have guessed that Karlos Williams would be a Cardale Jones defender this morning, but here we are.
CALGARY – Calgary’s Olympic bid corporation says the city and Alberta stand to see a five-to-one return on their investment if they have another turn at hosting the Winter Games in 2026. Here is a closer look a what’s behind a projection some economists are calling overly rosy:What does the Calgary 2026 bid committee say the costs and benefits are of hosting the Olympics?The pricetag was pegged at more than $5.2 billion in a draft hosting plan presented to city council on Tuesday. Of that, taxpayers at the municipal, provincial and federal level are on the hook for $3 billion.Calgary 2026 CEO Mary Moran’s presentation included another eye-popping number: an infusion of $7.4 billion that would not flow into Alberta and Calgary otherwise.What is included in the $7.4-billion figure?It includes up to $1.5 billion Ottawa could kick in along with $2.2 billion in direct private-sector investment. It also bakes in a $2-billion boost to Alberta’s GDP and $200 million in provincial and municipal tax revenue.And it lumps in $400 million on two new venues — a field house and mid-sized arena — and $500 million to refurbish old ones that would be included in a bid, many of which date back to Calgary’s last Olympic go-around in 1988. There is another $600 million for temporary accommodations for athletes, media and officials that would be converted into mostly affordable housing long-term.The $7.4 billion total, against the $1.5 billion from Calgary and Alberta coffers, amounts to a formidable five-to-one bang-for-the-buck, according to Calgary 2026’s calculations.“We’ve taken a very conservative approach in this,” Moran said.“Anything that happens pre- or post-(Olympics) we’re not including in there. Anything inside of Alberta that it could potentially displace, such as tourism within Alberta, we’ve removed. Anything that is construction related to venues and housing, we’ve removed.”Are the projected benefits realistic?University of Calgary economics professor Trevor Tombe doesn’t think so.“The economic benefits were dramatically over-stated,” he said. “They don’t account for the fact that spending on the Olympics comes at the cost of either higher taxes now or in the future or lower spending elsewhere.”Concordia University sports economist Moshe Lander, who teaches in the summer at the University of Lethbridge’s Calgary campus, said he’d like to know how the Calgary 2026 vision compares to what would happen without a bid.What would be invested in the aging Saddledome? Is a new NHL arena going to be built anyway?“First of all, I don’t believe the numbers. And second, even if I believed the numbers, you’re not telling me what the alternative looks like.”What about the costs?Lander likens the pricetag to an initial quote from a contractor before a home reno.“Any reasonable homeowner would know that it’s on the low end because they don’t want to create hysteria and panic by giving you a high-end estimate,” he said. “They also don’t want to come in too low because they know you’re going to be infuriated when everything comes in over budget.”The Calgary 2026 pricetag includes $1.1 billion in contingencies, should there be any cost overruns.Lander said that gives him little comfort as the last 10 Olympic cycles — not including Sochi in 2014 and Beijing in 2008 — have averaged cost overruns of 50 per cent.Tombe said he can’t see how Calgary’s proposed $610-million security budget can come in below the $900 million budgeted for Vancouver.And he notes Calgary 2026’s vision also doesn’t include any ancillary infrastructure spending, like the new airport rail link and convention centre that coincided with the Vancouver Games.Tombe said reasonable people will come down on both sides when Calgary holds a non-binding plebiscite on a potential bid Nov. 13.“We should decide whether we want to host the games because of a desire to promote sports, community engagement, national pride and so on,” he said. “But we should ask whether those non-economic benefits are worth the costs.”— with files from Donna Spencer
The Canadian PressOTTAWA – A former B.C. attorney general who led the province’s Missing Women Commission of Inquiry says the federal government must strike the right tone and clearly define the terms for its own study of missing and murdered Indigenous women.Wally Oppal conducted hearings and published a 2012 report on how authorities handled cases involving missing and murdered women in the wake of the Robert Pickton case. Pickton is a serial killer convicted in 2007 of the murders of six women and charged in the deaths of 20 others.Oppal says the incoming Liberal government must determine what kind of inquiry it will conduct to ensure it is proactive in nature.“I would think that if you’re going to have an inquiry, you don’t need to have one of the type that we had, where the police were cross-examined for endless days because one of our tasks was to find out what the police did wrong during the Pickton years,” Oppal said.“I think if they’re going to have one, they should have an inquiry that goes to the various communities and the centres, a commissioner or group of commissioners, to get the voice of the communities.“It never hurts to talk to the communities to get their views and to bring them on side.”Oppal also says the Grits should take previous inquiries into account to ensure the new investigation does not retrace old ground.In their election platform, the Liberals committed to “immediately” starting a national public inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls in Canada.The party said it would seek recommendations for governments, law enforcement and others to help “solve these crimes and prevent future ones.”It also committed to spending $40 million on the study over two years.Oppal said it will be important for the government to spend wisely.“You could not have the type of inquiry that we had, where we had witnesses being called and being examined, you couldn’t do that for $40 million across the country,” he said. “The moment you announce a national inquiry, the lawyers are going to line up. So you have to be careful as to how you’re going to spend the money.”
EDMONTON – Alberta has been hit with another credit downgrade one day after it confirmed it remains on track for a $10.3-billion budget deficit this year.The credit rating agency DBRS say it has downgraded Alberta’s long-term debt rating to AA from AA (high) and has adjusted or maintained other ratings indicators on a negative trend.The agency said the downgrade reflects the high operating deficits and Alberta’s rapidly accumulating debt, which is pegged to surpass $42 billion by the spring.It’s one of a number of credit downgrades or warnings that have resulted from the province’s fiscal direction under Premier Rachel Notley’s NDP since 2015.Although the economy has been hammered by low oil prices, Notley’s government says it makes sense in the short term to take on debt to catch up on long-delayed infrastructure projects.Finance Minister Joe Ceci, responding to the downgrade, says Alberta still has the strongest debt-to-GDP ratio among provinces and the province’s credit rating remains among the highest in Canada.“The fiscal update released yesterday shows that Alberta’s economy is growing faster than forecast, the deficit is coming down, and significant cost savings are being realized,” Ceci said in a statement.“The government will continue to take a steady and responsible approach that avoids extreme and risky cuts that would hurt families, cost jobs and damage our recovery.”
Seoul: Brie Larson’s vocal feminist stance has earned her both fans and trolls but the actor, who fuels her portrayal of “Captain Marvel” with extreme confidence, says she has learnt to tune out the “outside noise” and focus on doing what she feels is right. Larson’s casting as Captain Marvel, “the strongest superhero in the Marvel Cinematic Universe”, has made her a target of online negativity. “I made a promise to myself a long time ago that I won’t pay attention to either of it (positive or negative). I just do what feels right in my heart and all that stuff is outside noise,” Larson said. “I know who I am and I know what it is that feels right and what I want to do. I just stay true to that. And those other things about myself that I need to learn, things I can do better, I trust that people that love me and are close to me in my life, will tell me those things. Not that outside stuff.” Avengers: Endgame, one of the most anticipated cinematic events of the year, will release on April 26 .