References Bryan, C.J., Clemans, T.A., Hernandez, A.M. & Rudd, M.D. (2013). Loss of consciousnees, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28(1), 13-20. This post was written by Rachel Dorman, M.S. and Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFT. Both are members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn. By Rachel Dorman, M.S. & Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFTWe’ve discussed brain development in children and how traumatic experiences can have negative impacts. We’ll now switch gears focusing on research about traumatic brain injury (TBI), or a neurocognitive condition emerging for individuals after a sudden physical trauma occurs and causes brain damage. TBI affects many service members who have been deployed. In fact, it is estimated that 15-23% of military personnel deployed during Operation Enduring Freedom and/or operation Iraqi Freedom have experienced some form of TBI . Symptoms associated with TBI include: loss of consciousness, headache, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, unpleasant taste in the mouth, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, fatigue, shift in sleep patterns, and changes in behavior or mood. The severity of TBI ranges from mild (i.e. a short shift in mental status or consciousness) to severe (i.e. a lengthy period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury).[Flickr, r deangelo, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015Bryan, Clemans, Hernandez, and Rudd (2013)  examined the association between mild traumatic brain injury and suicidal behaviors in deployed military personnel. Researchers examined potential variables and mediators that may impact suicidality of military personnel who were diagnosed with TBI. They sampled 155 military personal and 3 civilian contractors who were evaluated for TBI days after their index injury in Iraq, of which 135 patients were diagnosed with TBI. Diagnoses were made using the 2008 TBI Task Force’s criteria of the Department of Defense and the Department of Veteran Affairs. The researchers also measured for suicidal behaviors, depression symptoms, PTSD symptoms, insomnia symptoms, TBI symptoms, and loss of consciousness to analyze for potential predictors of mediators. Suicidal behaviors were measured using the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R), depression symptoms were measured using the 5-item Depression subscale of the Behavioral Health Measure-20, PTSD symptoms were measured by the PTSD Checklist-Military Version, insomnia symptoms were measured using the Insomnia Severity Index, TBI symptoms were measured through a self-report questionnaire and clinical interview, and loss of consciousness was assessed by patient self-report and confirmed by other collateral military personnel present at the indexed event.Of the patients diagnosed with TBI, 16% reported having suicidal behaviors. The researchers also found suicidal behaviors to be positively associated with all variables except loss of consciousness; this includes the number TBI symptoms, depression, PTSD, and insomnia severity. The researchers reported that patients who were diagnosed with TBI showed significantly more severe depression, PTSD, insomnia, TBI, and suicidal symptoms as compared to patients who were not diagnosed with TBI. Results found that depression symptoms, PTSD symptoms, insomnia, and TBI symptoms were all independently associated with an increase in suicidal behaviors. Unlike previous research on this topic, the researchers found the longer duration of loss of consciousness was negatively associated with likelihood of suicidality.[Flickr, 07.01.2012 His Hand by Jlhopgood, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved September 23, 2015The researchers recognize that most of their findings support previous research, with the exception of the longer duration of loss of consciousness resulting in decreased likelihood of suicidality. Bryan, Clemans, Hernandez, and Rudd state this may be due to the fact that evaluations of patients were done within days of the indexed event, whereas it is most common among previous research to evaluate patients months or years after an event. This means that the patient might not have had the opportunity to display increased suicidality that might occur related to TBI. The researchers also ponder whether the loss of consciousness could have served as a protective factor that may have prevented the patient from being exposed to more traumatic war-time material.The results of this research are very relevant for therapists and other professionals who work with military personnel and their families, because it highlights the important link between TBI and adjustment. Many symptoms shown post-deployment could be related to TBI, and these variables also have the potential to show broad impact on family functioning, and the likelihood of suicide risk.
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, TCI July 17, 2017 — The team of athletes representing TCI at the Commonwealth Youth Games left for Nassau, Bahamas yesterday where the games will be held from July 19 – 23. This is the sixth edition of the international sporting event hosted by the Commonwealth Games Federation every four years and open to athletes aged 14 to 18. This year’s edition of the Games marks quite a few firsts. Beach volleyball and soccer as well as Judo will be added to the competition which now has a total of 10 categories. Meanwhile, the 2017 Games also marks the first time that the African nation of Rwanda will be sending a contingent. Joining the Turks & Caicos team will be Colby Jennings who recently won the island’s second medal at the IAAF World Youth Games in Nairobi, Kenya.#MagneticMediaNews#CommonwealthYouthGames Related Items:
Politics Internet Services Comments A petition to revoke Article 50, the clause triggering the UK’s exit from the EU, went viral on Thursday, causing Parliament’s petitions site to display a notice saying it was “down for maintenance.”The petitions site was unavailable for several short periods of time after gaining traction overnight on Wednesday. “We know that the Petitions site is experiencing problems due to the number of people using the site,” said a House of Commons spokesman. “This is a mixture of people signing petitions and refreshing the site to see changes to the number of signatures. We are working to get the problems fixed as soon as possible.”At the time of writing, the petition to stop Brexit had over 827,000 signatures. According to Parliament’s own rules, a petition will be considered for debate when it reaches 100,000 signatures and the government has three days to respond.A notice on Parliament’s petitions site. Screenshot/Katie Collins “The government repeatedly claims exiting the EU is ‘the will of the people’,” the petition reads. “We need to put a stop to this claim by proving the strength of public support now, for remaining in the EU. A People’s Vote may not happen — so vote now.”The number of signatures picked up steam following a speech by Prime Minister Theresa May on Wednesday evening, in which she claimed that the Brexit crisis was not her fault, but rather the fault of politicians who refused to vote for the deal she had negotiated with the EU.As it stands, the UK will either leave the EU on March 29 with May’s deal (which has been voted down three times in Parliament), leave the EU on March 29 with no deal at all (a prospect rejected by a separate vote in Parliament), or it can revoke Article 50 and choose not to leave at all. The Prime Minister is in Brussels on Thursday to ask all 27 EU member states for an extension in the hope that it will buy her more time to pass her deal and get it ratified to ensure a smooth transition.Spokespeople from the Prime Minister’s office didn’t immediately respond to request for comment. Share your voice 4 Tags