Traumatic Brain Injury and Suicide

first_imgReferences[1] Bryan, C.J., Clemans, T.A., Hernandez, A.M. & Rudd, M.D. (2013). Loss of consciousnees, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among deployed military personnel with mild traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28(1), 13-20. This post was written by Rachel Dorman, M.S. and Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFT.  Both are members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn. By Rachel Dorman, M.S. & Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFTWe’ve discussed brain development in children and how traumatic experiences can have negative impacts. We’ll now switch gears focusing on research about traumatic brain injury (TBI), or a neurocognitive condition emerging for individuals after a sudden physical trauma occurs and causes brain damage. TBI affects many service members who have been deployed. In fact, it is estimated that 15-23% of military personnel deployed during Operation Enduring Freedom and/or operation Iraqi Freedom have experienced some form of TBI [1].  Symptoms associated with TBI include: loss of consciousness, headache, confusion, lightheadedness, dizziness, unpleasant taste in the mouth, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, fatigue, shift in sleep patterns, and changes in behavior or mood. The severity of TBI ranges from mild (i.e. a short shift in  mental status or consciousness) to severe (i.e. a lengthy period of unconsciousness or amnesia after the injury).[Flickr, r deangelo, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015Bryan, Clemans, Hernandez, and Rudd (2013) [1] examined the association between mild traumatic brain injury and suicidal behaviors in deployed military personnel. Researchers examined potential variables and mediators that may impact suicidality of military personnel who were diagnosed with TBI. They sampled 155 military personal and 3 civilian contractors who were evaluated for TBI days after their index injury in Iraq, of which 135 patients were diagnosed with TBI. Diagnoses were made using the 2008 TBI Task Force’s criteria of the Department of Defense and the Department of Veteran Affairs. The researchers also measured for suicidal behaviors, depression symptoms, PTSD symptoms, insomnia symptoms, TBI symptoms, and loss of consciousness to analyze for potential predictors of mediators.  Suicidal behaviors were measured using the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R), depression symptoms were measured using the 5-item Depression subscale of the Behavioral Health Measure-20, PTSD symptoms were measured by the PTSD Checklist-Military Version, insomnia symptoms were measured using the Insomnia Severity Index, TBI symptoms were measured through a self-report questionnaire and clinical interview, and loss of consciousness was assessed by patient self-report and confirmed by other collateral military personnel present at the indexed event.Of the patients diagnosed with TBI, 16% reported having suicidal behaviors. The researchers also found suicidal behaviors to be positively associated with all variables except loss of consciousness; this includes the number TBI symptoms, depression, PTSD, and insomnia severity. The researchers reported that patients who were diagnosed with TBI showed significantly more severe depression, PTSD, insomnia, TBI,  and suicidal symptoms as compared to patients who were not diagnosed with TBI. Results found that depression symptoms, PTSD symptoms, insomnia, and TBI symptoms were all independently associated with an increase in suicidal behaviors. Unlike previous research on this topic, the researchers found the longer duration of loss of consciousness was negatively associated with likelihood of suicidality.[Flickr, 07.01.2012 His Hand by Jlhopgood, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved September 23, 2015The researchers recognize that most of their findings support previous research, with the exception of the longer duration of loss of consciousness resulting in decreased likelihood of suicidality. Bryan, Clemans, Hernandez, and Rudd state this may be due to the fact that evaluations of patients were done within days of the indexed event, whereas it is most common among previous research to evaluate patients months or years after an event. This means that the patient might not have had the opportunity to display increased suicidality that might occur related to TBI. The researchers also ponder whether the loss of consciousness could have served as a protective factor that may have prevented the patient from being exposed to more traumatic war-time material.The results of this research are very relevant for therapists and other professionals who work with military personnel and their families, because it highlights the important link between TBI and adjustment. Many symptoms shown post-deployment could be related to TBI, and these variables also have the potential to show broad impact on family functioning, and the likelihood of suicide risk.last_img read more

Team TCI off to Commonwealth Games

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, TCI July 17, 2017 — The team of athletes representing TCI at the Commonwealth Youth Games left for Nassau, Bahamas yesterday where the games will be held from July 19 – 23. This is the sixth edition of the international sporting event hosted by the Commonwealth Games Federation every four years and open to athletes aged 14 to 18. This year’s edition of the Games marks quite a few firsts. Beach volleyball and soccer as well as Judo will be added to the competition which now has a total of 10 categories. Meanwhile, the 2017 Games also marks the first time that the African nation of  Rwanda will be sending a contingent. Joining the Turks & Caicos team will be Colby Jennings who recently won the island’s second medal at the IAAF World Youth Games in Nairobi, Kenya.#MagneticMediaNews#CommonwealthYouthGames Related Items:last_img read more

Petition to revoke Brexit crashes UK Parliaments website

first_img Politics Internet Services Comments A petition to revoke Article 50, the clause triggering the UK’s exit from the EU, went viral on Thursday, causing Parliament’s petitions site to display a notice saying it was “down for maintenance.”The petitions site was unavailable for several short periods of time after gaining traction overnight on Wednesday. “We know that the Petitions site is experiencing problems due to the number of people using the site,” said a House of Commons spokesman. “This is a mixture of people signing petitions and refreshing the site to see changes to the number of signatures. We are working to get the problems fixed as soon as possible.”At the time of writing, the petition to stop Brexit had over 827,000 signatures. According to Parliament’s own rules, a petition will be considered for debate when it reaches 100,000 signatures and the government has three days to respond.A notice on Parliament’s petitions site. Screenshot/Katie Collins “The government repeatedly claims exiting the EU is ‘the will of the people’,” the petition reads. “We need to put a stop to this claim by proving the strength of public support now, for remaining in the EU. A People’s Vote may not happen — so vote now.”The number of signatures picked up steam following a speech by Prime Minister Theresa May on Wednesday evening, in which she claimed that the Brexit crisis was not her fault, but rather the fault of politicians who refused to vote for the deal she had negotiated with the EU.As it stands, the UK will either leave the EU on March 29 with May’s deal (which has been voted down three times in Parliament), leave the EU on March 29 with no deal at all (a prospect rejected by a separate vote in Parliament), or it can revoke Article 50 and choose not to leave at all. The Prime Minister is in Brussels on Thursday to ask all 27 EU member states for an extension in the hope that it will buy her more time to pass her deal and get it ratified to ensure a smooth transition.Spokespeople from the Prime Minister’s office didn’t immediately respond to request for comment. Share your voicecenter_img 4 Tagslast_img read more

BNP rally begins at Suhrawardy Udyan

first_imgBNP`s public rally begins at Suhrawardy Udyan in the city on Sunday afternoon where the party leaders are expected to unveil their various demands and plans over the next general election. Photo: Dipu MalakarBNP’s public rally began at Suhrawardy Udyan in the city on Sunday afternoon where the party leaders are expected to unveil their various demands and plans over the next general election, reports UNB.The rally formally began around 2pm with recitation from the holy Quran.Though BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia has been in jail since 8 February, the party has made her the chief guest of the rally as a mark of respect to her.Party secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir is presiding over the rally.Party insiders said Mirza Fakhrul Islam is likely to place a seven-point demand and a 12 or 13-point vision of the party at the rally.The party’s demands include releasing party chairperson Khaleda Zia from jail, forming a neutral election-time government, dissolving current parliament and cabinet, creating a level-playing field by withdrawing all the political cases and releasing all the political prisoners, reconstitution of the election commission, deploying army and discarding electronic voting machines (EVMs) in the election.In the 12-point vision, the party will say what steps it will take to improve the country’s political culture, get rid of the politics of vengeance, ensure good governance, democracy and fight against extremism and ensure Bangladesh’s territory not to be allowed to use to carry out criminal activities against other countries, including India.Hundreds of party leaders and activists started gathering at the venue in small processions since morning.Huge number of law enforcers have been deployed in and around the rally venue to maintain law and order.One of the conditions is that the rally will have to be concluded by 5pm.On Saturday, the Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP) authorities permitted BNP to hold the rally at Suhrawardy Udyan with 22 conditions.The conditions include not using any provocative words and refraining from carrying any sticks, large banners and creating any barriers to public life.BNP secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir said they will unveil their party’s future course of action and strategy at the rally. BNP standing committee member Moudud Ahmed hinted that their party may also announce fresh action programmes from it.last_img

Muslim leaders preach love after mosque attacks

first_imgHigh school students embrace as they give hugs to Muslims waiting for news of their relatives at a community centre, following Friday`s shooting in Christchurch, New Zealand 18 March, 2019. Photo: ReutersNew Zealand Muslim leaders on Monday conveyed messages of love, compassion and appreciation for the community support they had received after a lone gunman attacked two mosques, killing 50 people and injuring dozens more.Mustafa Farouk, the President of Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand, said the community was in shock and mourning, but was resilient.”We know we are living in a country that we are welcome, that loves us. One of the most beautiful and most peaceful countries in the world,” he told a media conference in Christchurch, where the attack took place on Friday.Australian Brenton Tarrant, 28, a suspected white supremacist, was charged with murder on Saturday. Tarrant was remanded without a plea and is due back in court on April 5 where police said he was likely to face more charges.Farouk said the message for those who pedalled hatred was that they had “failed woefully”.”Because what they have done, if anything, is to increase the love and the feeling we have for our own country and we have also seen the tremendous outpouring of love, what we call aroha here in New Zealand.”Some families have expressed frustration that the bodies of almost all victims have not been released while authorities carry out post mortems and investigations.Under Islam it is customary to conduct burials within 24 hours.Rehanna Ali, coordinator of womens affairs’ Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand, described the process of preparing the bodies for burial.”These people died in prayer, on their way to prayer, on our holy day, a Friday, in the precincts of our holy places. And faith was what they died for. And so faith is now part of the healing process for their loved ones.”Over the weekend and into Monday, tens of thousands of people flocked to memorial vigils around New Zealand and a victim support website raised more than NZ$5.5 million ($3.8 million).Hundreds visited the sites of the shootings, performing songs, bringing flowers and food, and offering condolences.”Through all of this we try to remember that what we are bringing back to this tragedy, this horror, is a sense of compassion,” Ali told media. “The response to so much hate, has been love.”last_img